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HIV vaccine, new research suggests a single injection protected 18week

HIV vaccine, new research suggests a single injection protected 18week monkeys against


 

Scientists are edging closer to a long-term preventative HIV vaccine, new research suggests.


A single injection protected monkeys against a version of the virus for at least 18 weeks, suggesting the jab could offer people months of immunity, a study by Rockefeller University, New York, found.

People at high risk of becoming infected, such as those with HIV-positive partners, can take the preventative drug PrEP before sex, however, there is no long-term, effective jab.

Developing such a vaccine is difficult due to HIV ‘hiding’ from people’s immune systems, however, including certain proteins in the injection cause immune cells to recognize parts of the ‘envelope’ that surrounds the virus, the research adds.

According to the researchers, their findings, published in the journal Nature Medicine, ‘lay the groundwork’ for a preventative vaccine that could be given as little as once a year. It is unclear when it may be available.

More than 1.1 million people in the US are living with HIV, with one in seven being unaware of it.

1-At-risk people can take PrEP before sex, but there is no long-term vaccine
2-Developing injections are challenging as the virus ‘hides’ from the immune system
3-New jab contains proteins that cause immune cells to recognize HIV
4-When given to monkeys, the animals were protected for at least 18 weeks
5-More than 1.1 million people in the US have HIV; one in seven are unaware of it
6-By Alexandra Thompson Health Reporter For Mailonline

Currently, there is no cure for HIV. Lifelong antiviral treatment controls the infection but often causes side effects including nausea, vomiting, and insomnia.

This comes once health officers disclosed last Nov that Europe’s HIV epidemic is growing at AN ‘alarming pace’ as infections reached their highest level in 2016 since records began.

In 2016, around 160,000 individuals shrunk HIV, that causes AIDS, in fifty-three European countries, in keeping with a report by the planet Health Organization (WHO) and therefore the European Centre for sickness interference and management.

Over the past decade, the speed of newly-diagnosed HIV infections in Europe has up by fifty-two p.c from twelve in each a hundred,000 individuals in 2007 to eighteen.2 per 100,000 in 2016, the analysis adds.

According to the report, this increase was ‘mainly driven by the continued upward trend within the East’, that accounts for around eighty p.c of Europe’s cases.

Zsuzsanna Jakab, European regional director of the United Nations agency, antecedently said: ‘This is that the highest range of cases recorded in one year. If this trend persists, we are going to not be ready to attain the target of ending the HIV epidemic by 2030.’

Past findings counsel HIV rates are rising in Jap Europe, notably in those over fifty United Nations agency inject the black medicine. this can be thought to ensure a scarcity of awareness campaigns on the infection’s risks or the way to stop transmission.

HIV vaccine, new research suggests a single injection protected 18week monkeys against

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